What exactly is a Neurological Disease?

A Neurological disease is a disorder of the brain, spinal cord and nerves throughout the body. The Nervous System controls all the workings of the body.

There are more than 600 neurological diseases which effect children. Major types include:

  • Genetic disorders, such as GLUT1, Huntington's disease, Marfan's disease and various inheritable metabolic disorders.

  • Neuromuscular diseases including spinal muscular atrophy and muscular dystrophy

  • Developmental diseases, such as Spina Bifida

  • Degenerative diseases where nerve cells are damaged or die

  • Vascular diseases which disrupt the supply of blood to the brain, causing conditions such as stroke.

  • Injuries to the spinal cord and brain

  • Seizure disorders, such as epilepsy

  • Cancers including brain tumors

  • Infectious diseases, such as meningitis, encephalitis, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Reye Syndrome 

  • Pervasive developmental disorders including autism

  • Chromosomal abnormalities , such as Fragile X syndrome and Down's syndrome

  • Behavioral disorders including Tourette's syndrome

Some Facts Relating to Children's Neurological and Cancer Disorders

In the United States in 2007, approximately 10,400 children under the age of 15 were diagnosed with cancer. - National Cancer Institute

Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in children. Approximately 3,410 children and adolescents under age 20 in the US are diagnosed with primary brain tumors each year. - Lucile Packard Children's Hospital of Stanford

In 2007, in the United States , approximately 1,545 children died from cancer. - National Cancer Institute

People seldom associate stroke with infants and children, but 12 percent of pediatric age deaths are caused by strokes. -

Newborn strokes occur at the rate of 1 in 5000 .  Strokes in Children occur at the rate of 3 out of 100,000. - Pediatric Stroke Network

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common and the most severe form of the disease. It affects about 1 out of every 3,500 boys. - Kids Health

Cerebral Palsy occurs in approximately two to three out of every 1,000 live births. - Lucile Packard Children's Hospital of Stanford

Autism affects 1 to 1.5 million Americans, 1 in every 150 births will be diagnosed with autism and it is the fastest-growing developmental disability. - Autism Society of America

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